DNA Development and its Importance

Artur Gaxhi
Abstract:
As we all are aware now the discovery of DNA is the most significant biological discovery of the 20th century. This discovery has had a tremendous impact on science and medicine. In the field of modern medicine and genetic research, the discovery of DNA has allowed for the improved ability to diagnosis disease, detect genetic predisposition to disease, create new drugs to treat disease, use gene therapy as treatment, and design “custom drugs” based on individual genetic profiles. In criminal investigations, DNA has proven to be a powerful tool. Since no two people, excluding identical twins, can have similar DNA, the identification of a offender person through DNA analyzes is more than indubitable. DNA can be used successfully on victims identifying process. Identifying the victims of the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center attack presented a unique forensic challenge because the number and identity of the victims were unknown and many victims were represented only by bone and tissue fragments. Today with the creation of a common space as the European Union, new opportunities and requirements needs among states to make possible the collaboration as valid and effective against crime or terrorism is more necessary. For this reason arises the idea of exchange of genetic information between them for Law Enforcement Operations which is supported on the AIA’s agreement for a greater security among states space.

Keywords:
DNA, RFL P, PCR, Prum’s Treaty

Full text available in PDF: Academicus-MMXI-4-136-143.pdf

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